At least 1.4 million people are surviving on donated food in Northern Kenya due to the ongoing drought that has hit hard some of the counties in the region, including Mandera, Isiolo, Garissa, Marsabit, Tana River, Baringo and West Pokot.
The Kenya Red Cross Society said the situation could last until the end of the year, based on the current weather forecast. The drought is a result of the La Nina dry weather.
Red Cross predicts the situation could stabilise from October only if the short rains season will bring adequate rainfall.
It has already appealed for Sh800 million to reach all drought-hit Kenyans.
But even as the society predicts stabilisation, a new report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change shows that matters will get out of hand.
The report that was released on Monday provides new estimates of the chances of crossing the global warming level of 1.5°C in the next decades and finds that unless there are immediate, rapid and large-scale reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, limiting warming to close to 1.5°C or even 2°C will be beyond reach.
It shows that emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities are responsible for approximately 1.1°C of warming since 1850-1900, and finds that averaged over the next 20 years; global temperature is expected to reach or exceed 1.5°C of warming.
This assessment is based on improved observational datasets to assess historical warming, as well progress in scientific understanding of the response of the climate system to human-caused greenhouse gas emissions.
The report projects that in the coming decades, climate changes will increase in all regions.
For 1.5°C of global warming, there will be increasing heat waves, longer warm seasons and shorter cold seasons, it says.
UN secretary-general António Guterres said the evidence is irrefutable: greenhouse gas emissions are choking our planet and placing billions of people in danger.
“Global heating is affecting every region on Earth, with many of the changes becoming irreversible. We must act decisively now to avert a climate catastrophe,” he said.